A 4-year-old with Pancytopenia
He was started on amoxicillin for acute otitis media but continued to have fever; his oral intake was also noted to be decreasing. CBC was obtained and was significant for WBC 1.9 x 109/L, hemoglobin 4.9 g/dL, MCV 88.6 fL, and platelets 6 x109/L. The patient was admitted for further workup and management, including red blood cell and platelet transfusion. The patient was febrile on admission. Vital signs were otherwise stable. Physical exam showed reticular skin pigmentation and multiple petechiae, normal height velocity, and no skeletal anomalies.
Bilateral bone marrow and aspirate was performed with initial revealing marked hypocellularity for age at 5% and no evidence of leukemia. Chest x-ray was performed and was negative for mediastinal mass but was significant for bibasilar lung opacities concerning for multifocal pneumonia. Take the quiz.
Chandni Dargan, MD
Oluwaseun Olaiya, DO
Erin Hall, MD
Mukta Sharma, MD
Division of Pediatric Hematology Oncology & BMT
Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO
- Categories: Case Quiz